Saturday, February 6, 2016

Oak Hall Table Project & Reflections on Learning

In 2013, I had the opportunity to take Jeff Lohr's 50 hour Practical Woodworking course. Each member of the class began with three rough oak boards, and we turned them into hall tables.

   

Jeff and his colleagues are outstanding teachers, and I was completely captivated by the class. Later, I found myself thinking about two ideas educators toss around as we consider how best to help our students develop their skills: project-based and differentiated learning. My woodworking teachers designed experiences for us that employed both practices successfully. 
Here are a few observations interspersed with photos of the project and our time together.












While the week-long course was project based, Jeff reminded us repeatedly... 

"It is not about the project--it is about what you learn in the process."

While I understand his point, I also realize the project itself provided focus and motivation.
 

"All things will be revealed."
This statement was carved into a large sign hanging high on the wall, and it was repeated throughout course. Our teachers reminded us to avoid getting ahead of ourselves and to focus carefully on each step of the project.




I learned a lot about wood, woodworking techniques, and various tools and machines. Some of the lessons I will remember because of my mistakes. For example, we received clear instructions about how to sand our work. Later in the day when I started, I found myself unsure about a specific step. I went ahead anyway with a guess. Why didn't I simply ask for help from those around me? What did I learn?

  • Hand sand the mortise face of the leg to avoid rounding the edges with an electric sander.
  • Ask questions when they arise.


   

Some observations about project-based and differentiated learning: 

  • The course ran Monday through Saturday, from 8-4:30: large blocks of time work best; follow each (brief) instruction segment with lab time for application. 
  • While the project may not be as important as the process, the end product inspires motivation and clarifies theory. 
  • During lab time answer all questions as soon as possible: the ratio of 4 teachers for 11 students was essential for successful learning.
  • "Showing" is more powerful than "telling." Demonstrate often.
  • There were at least three different skill levels among the students--and the course still worked. Differentiated instruction was possible because there were four teachers: we received individual attention when we needed it. And the teachers exercised heroic patience.


Reflections on teaching and learning:
    • Is it possible to design and implement successful project-based learning in a more traditional school where students take at least five subjects and have only one or two larger blocks of time every six days?
    • To what degree is differentiated instruction possible if I am teaching four sections of English alone? What is the best way to address each student's questions and needs in a timely fashion? Google docs certainly helps tighten the feedback loop, but how else can we reproduce--in a more traditional school setting--the deep learning and engagement I experienced in this week-long woodworking class?
    • And what about the connection between student engagement and learning? I want to learn more about woodworking, and personal interest makes a big difference in my focus and effort. Not all of my students have that same desire or motivation in a required English class. My woodworking teachers' passion for their craft was inspiring: maybe start there.

                                                                      
               




    Friday, February 5, 2016

    Piano Bench Repair Project

    The needlepoint cover was shot, and the seat support gave out. It was time to reupholster the piano bench. The first photo shows the bench stripped down and the wood refinished with Restore A Coat.

       

       

       

      




    Thursday, February 4, 2016

    My First Upholstery Project: Living Room Chair


    The adventure began with a Main Line School Night upholstery class run by Patrick Seyler, a professional upholsterer, and this chair.


    After learning some interesting history and theory about upholstery, we began the first step: take the chair apart.


                  

    Gloves were essential when removing the countless nails, tacks and staples. Photographing (and labeling when necessary) each section provided reference points when it was time to put the chair back together.


    The second step was to work on the wood, one of my favorite parts of the process. I took apart wobbly legs and arms and glued them back together. Holes and chewed up surfaces that would no longer hold tacks or staples needed to be repaired. I mixed wood shavings with glue to create patches for larger holes. The shavings provided a consistency that held staples--glue by itself cracks when stapled. I stapled cardboard strips to recreate edges that were worn away.

        





    Once the wood was repaired, I used Restore A Finish to bring all visible parts back to life.



             Some essential tools (left to right): pliers, scissors, sharpie, tape measure, magnetic tack hammer, upholstery knife, tacks, regulator, staple remover, staple gun. Not pictured: web stretcher



    The third step was to rebuild the body around the skeleton by adding the webbing, burlap, edge roll, foam, padding, muslin, and fabric. And a pneumatic staple gun saved a whole lot of time and energy.

       


    I bought muslin and fabric for the chair and a piano stool at JoMar, a discount store in Philly.




        




    And here are photos of 
    the finished product.